Ramadan (called Ramezan in Iran) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. The most important ritual Muslims do in this month is Fasting, Which means refusing to eat or drink anything from dawn to sunset. Moreover, they try not to commit sinful acts like lying, getting angry or doing harm to other people. It is said in the Quran that every good deed you do in this month is considered more valuable.

Do’s and don’ts in Ramadan

Eating and drinking in public places are forbidden and illegal during this month. That being said, if police catch you eating on the street you might get arrested. Rules are usually not so tight for foreigners and you might be able to get away by apologizing and telling them you didn’t know about the rules. However, it’s best to go by the rules in order to respect the country’s customs. You should also be aware that smoking in public places is also forbidden during Ramadan.

Most of the restaurants are closed during the day and the only food you can get is cold snacks. But you don’t need to worry about eating as all the hotels serve food and even if you are not staying in a hotel you can eat in the restaurant. Also, all the supermarkets are open and you can get whatever you need if you want to cook some food for yourself.

Traveling in Ramadan

You can easily travel around Iran in Ramadan and there’s nothing to worry about. It’s good to know that most of the restaurants on the roads are open during the day. That’s because a traveler who’s away from his home can not fast So… anybody who’s out on the road needs something to eat!

Pros and cons of traveling during Ramadan

If you are a food lover, it might be better for you to consider another time to travel to Iran. Although most of the restaurants and eating places open up after sunset, some good old restaurants, especially those located in old Bazaars, just serve food for the lunch and they’re closed throughout Ramadan. In my recent trip to Tabriz, I missed trying “Dizi” (a traditional Iranian food) in Tabriz’s great Bazaar because of Ramadan as it is served only at noon.

Ramadan is in spring for these years. That being said, you should be OK with tolerating the heat while wearing more clothes than usual and also not being able to drink water when you’re out on the streets.

The good thing about traveling during Ramadan is that most of the people get out in the streets after sunset and so the cities are so lively at night. Of course, you can’t call it a nightlife if there is no alcohol or clubs but anyways… Some eating places and cafes will be open throughout the night.

The other good thing is that Iranians don’t often travel during Ramadan so It’s somehow a low season here and the touristic places will be less crowded. You can also get cheaper accommodation.

What to eat in Ramadan

Muslims have two main meals when they fast. The first one is served right before dawn. You better make yourself full as that is the only thing you’re gonna have for the next 10-15 hours if you’re fasting. They call this course “Sahari” in Iran. The second one is “Eftar” which is served after sunset. It is common to break your fast with dates, tea, and some bread. The main course and some deserts will follow it.

If you’re travelling to Iran during Ramadan don’t miss out trying these special deserts:

Zoolbia Baamieh – You can find this super sweet candies only in Ramadan

Halva – Made of flour, oil, sugar, rosewater and saffron

Shol-e- zard – Made of Rice, sugar, rosewater and saffron

What to do in Ramadan

If you are a kind of traveler who prefers digging into local people’s life instead of hitting museums, then I recommend you to go through special rituals of Ramadan along with Muslims.

Attend an “Eftar” ceremony

If you’re lucky enough to be a guest in a traditional Iranian family, you will love having “Eftar” with them. You might be wondering about how to find such a host. Not that difficult with Iranian hospitality. You can just ask people to join them if they’re holding an “eftar” gathering. Iranians love having guests and showing them the customs. Don’t be shy to ask!

Qadr nights

Muslims believe that the first revelation of the Quran was sent down to Muhammad on 19th, 21st or 23rd of Ramadan. That’s why they gather in mosques or in their homes, staying awake the whole night reading the Quran and saying special prayers. You can hit some mosque to see the ceremony.

The Muslims also believe that  Ali (The first Imam of Shia Islam) was killed on the 21st of Ramadan and there is also a special grieving ceremony in mosques that night.

During these days (19th to 23rd of Ramadan) some places like shopping centers might be closed. Although only the 21st of Ramadan is a national holiday, the whole period is kind of a holiday. You might want to consider this if you’re setting your dates for traveling to Iran in Ramadan.


The last day of Ramadan is a holy day called “Eyd-e-Fetr”. Muslims should not fast on this day and usually celebrate it by having some guests for lunch. There is a special prayer for this day and a lot of Muslims go to mosques to attend this. If you’re interested, you can go to the main mosques to see this ceremony. Eyd-e-fetr is also a two-day national holiday in Iran.

Qods day’s rally

The last Friday of Ramadan is called Qods day in Iran. On this day some people attend a rally in support of Palestine in the main streets. You might have seen it covered in western media and you might be interested to see it for yourself.

Ramadan may be not really the best time to travel to Iran. However, if you’ve set your plans or you are on a long journey and have to pass Iran at a certain time you can sure find some ways to make the best out of your trip.

1) Unique ancient & historical sites:
“ legendary history & civilization “

  • Iran is home to the world’s oldest living civilization with historical and urban settlements dating back to more than 7,000 BC. The southwestern and western part of the Iranian Plateau contributed to the traditional Ancient near East with the Elamite Civilization, from the Early Bronze Age. With more than 1000 historical attractions, Iran has 24 World Heritage Sites.

2) Incredible Architecture:
“Visit the fundamentals of all Architectural styles in the world “

  • Persian buildings vary from peasant huts to teahouses and gardens, from pavilions to “some of the most majestic structures the world has ever seen.” Iranian architecture features a great variety, both structurally and aesthetically, driving from a variety of traditions and experiences.

3) Rich Museums:
“The land of golden Rhytons, Glorious Cups, Civilized statues“

  • Boasting one of the world’s most ancient civilizations, Iran has numerous museums that offer a rich insight into thousands of years of national art and culture. With some more than 70 years of activity. The National Museum of Iran contains 300,000 objects in an area more than 20,000 squares meters. In addition to being the country’s; largest museum of history and archaeology, It ranks as one of the world’s most prestigious museums in terms of grandeur, scale, diversity and quality of its huge monuments.

4) The Lowest Tourism Cost in the World :
“The Highest Gains With the Lowest Costs “

  • For the third time, Iran has been chosen to the latest Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report, published by the World Economic Forum (World Economic Forum), as the most affordable foreign tourist destination. Iran price competitiveness rating is 6.66, placing it first in the world.

5) Hospitable & Affectionate People:
“Experience the real sense of hospitality which never experience elsewhere”

  • If anything, all that Iranian can be accused of is excessive hospitality. So, when traveling to Iran, beware of innocent looking situations, which could turn into one of your life experiences. Kind of walking into the Twilight Zone. The Iranians are of such an affable nature as to warm your heart and make travel more off beat.

6) Health tourism:
“Experience expert physicians & inexpensive services”

  • Iran offers a wide range of treatment facilities through an extensive network or highly equipped hospitals (around 850 hospitals), and rehabilitation centers with reasonable costs or beauty surgeries. A cost analysis procedure shows that treatment costs in Iran are much lower in comparison to developed countries. Moreover, Iran has some of the most important hot spring spa centers in the world, attracting millions of visitors each year. The spas are famous for their therapeutic value.

7) Iranian handicrafts and handmade arts:
“Art of Our Hands Will Shine in Your Eyes”

  • Iran has been the center of civilization for at least 7000 years. Iranian art has also one of the richest art heritages in world history. It encompasses many fields, such as the following: Calico (Ghalamkar), Gerechini, Local music instruments (Tar, Setar, Dotar, Kamancheh, etc.), Silver Work, Woodcarving, Engraving (Ghalamzani), Inlaid work Miniature, Tiling, Stone carving, Brickwork, stucco and Tile panels, Embroidery, Marquetry, Potteries, Metal working, Mina-Kari, etc.

8) Magic Of Iran’s Nature (#Ecotourism potentials):
“The land of the Red Springs, Green Summers, Yellow Falls, & White Winters”

  • Iran is a country with a dazzling variety of natural attractions, including mountains, lakes, caves, forests, rare plant, and animal species, mineral waters and numerous islands on its southern and northern beaches. All of these attractions have made Iran a favorite destination for sightseers. Considered as one of the world’s top five countries in terms of biodiversity; Iran is home to 519 bird species, 172 mammal species, 199 reptile species, 20 species of amphibians, 173 species of fish and 9000 distinctive plant species.

9) Delicious Foods
“Tasty foods enshrined in the aura of history”

  • The existence of various ethnic groups in Iran, alongside its rich culture, has made Iranian cuisine highly diversified. There are over 400 different kinds of food and sweets in Iran. The ingredients are generally cereals, grains, vegetables, and proteins.

10) Visit the land of four seasons and the migration of nomads:
“Iran : a world inside a country, a kaleidoscope of colour, a legendary mountain path!”

  • Iran is one of the few countries with four distinct seasons each year. Traveling to Iran in different seasons means encountering distinctive and divergent scenes and adventures. The North of Iran is covered with evergreen forests and borders a grand lake (Caspian sea) supporting a moderate climate. The south is bounded by the Persian Gulf, with a hot and humid climate, dotted with enchanting and glamorous Palm Forests.

“Src: Iran travel guide/ Amir mostafavi/ published by cultural heritage, handicrafts & tourism organization of Iran”

P.s :

“IranbyBit” team is here to connect you to local people, with providing Eco-tourism based services such as introducing Iran’s tourist attractions to you and providing the aim of booking fantastic accommodations and most comfortable ecolodges in every corner of Iran which you are able to pay by cash or Bitcoin. We do our best to help you experience all of these amazing journeys in the best way to make an unforgettable memory for you in Iran, in addition to help improving the economy of local community, preserving natural resources, increasing awareness of people around the world about our beautiful 4-seasons land & probably this friendliest country in the world and finally to walk through sustainable development and an earth that would be a better place to live for everyone.

A korsi is a type of low table found in Iran, with a heater underneath it, and blankets were thrown over it. It is a traditional item of furniture in Iranian culture. A family or other gathering sits on the floor around the korsi during meals and special events, like Nowruz (Persian/Zoroastrian New Year’s Eve). A korsi used to be quite popular for entire families to gather together during yearly Yaldā celebrations.

Korsi is generally heated with electric elements or, traditionally, with a brazier containing hot coals that are placed under the table. The table is covered with a thick cloth overhanging on all sides to keep its occupants warm. The occupants sit on large cushions around the korsi with the cloth over their laps.

A special woven rug called ru korsi is usually placed over any blankets to protect them from food stains.

Source: Wikipedia

The most important handicraft artwork in East Azerbaijan province is needlework. This particular artwork which is popular among girls and housewives has a very old history. In the past, a kind of popular hat was the dominant work for local consumption. But other than hats, they weave table cloths, under glasses, seat belts, shoes, vests and so on. The patterns and designs of the needlework are basically inspired by personal thinking and the surrounding or nature. These artworks are mostly geometric, flowers and moot plants. The basic materials include black satin fabric, metal acetate and rayon which are divided into three types: 1- Thin: three layers convoluted acetate sextuple, 2- Average: Fifteen layers convoluted acetate. 3- Big: Thirty layers convoluted acetate. The work process includes: to provide this three different pes of acetates fabrics and weaving of them, different types of weaves such as “Zangireh doozi, dandan mooshi, dookhte bast’ and so on. The sewing includes two stages: First selection of the fabric for the purse of weaves, hank and sewing of the threads, second: the weaving of the decorating patterns and designs.[1]


Reference: http://www.persianhostel.com/

Needlework (Souzan Douzi) is an Iranian handicraft artwork that is very common among the women of Sistan and Baluchestan province in southeastern Iran.

It is the art of drawing images on plain fabrics by sewing delicate stitches using a needle and colorful yarns.



Source: http://ifpnews.com